Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145 - 241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. The country is located between India in the south and China in the north. Nepal is topographically divided into three regions: the Himalaya to the north, the hills consisting of the Mahabharat Range and the Churia Hills, and the Terai to the south. Elevations are varied in the country. The highest point is Mt. Everest (8848 m) in the north and the lowest point (70 meters above the sea level) is located at Kechana Kalan of Jhapa District. Altitudes increases as you travel from south to north. To the north, temperatures are below -40 degrees Celsius and in the Terai, temperatures rise to 40 degrees Celsius in the summer.
Nepal is very rich in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation varies from 50 meters in the Terai belt to 8848 meters mean sea level at the top of Mt. Everest. This is accompanied by climatic zones ranging from the tropical to the tundra, resulting in a wide variety of flora and fauna. On the other hand, the majestic snow-capped mountains are the source of mighty rivers that thunder their way down to the plains.
Nepal is a secular country. Religion is an integral and deep-rooted part of Nepalese life. About 80% of the Nepalese people practice Hinduism and 15% follow Buddhism. These two religions have co-existed for ages and many Hindu temples and Buddhist shrines share the same complex. Many of times, Hindu and Buddhist worshippers regard the same gods with different names. Other religions such as Islam, Christianity, Bon are also practiced in Nepal.
Kathmandu, the Shangri-La city of Nepal, is surrounded by Himalayan snow peaks and blue mountains. Kathmandu is the cradle of Nepalese civilization and culture. It is a living museum of ancient temples, palaces, shrines, squares and courtyards. It is also the mythological land of magic & re-incarnations, gods & goddesses …….some still living today …….. still worshipped today.